Roxanne Francis, Physiotherapist
Most of us have experienced tension in our neck, shoulders, and back. We see people realigning their posture or taking a quick stretch on a daily basis, and more often than not, we chalk these discomforts up as a normal part of everyday life – but it shouldn’t be. One of the most effective ways to ease tight muscles is dry needling, a relatively new treatment commonly used by physiotherapists and chiropractors. One misconception is that acupuncture and dry needling are the same things; however, that’s not the case!
What is dry needling?
Developed in the 1980s, dry needling is based on modern Western medicine. A qualified practitioner inserts filiform needles into the skin – these are fine, short, stainless steel needles that don’t inject fluid into the body, which is why we use the term “dry”.
The needles are placed into ‘trigger points’ or ‘knots’ of tight or tender muscles, causing a local twitch response (LTR). This response releases the trigger point, allows blood flow to return to the restricted area, and relieves the muscle spasm, restoring normal function and reducing pain. The length of time the needles remain in the body depends on the practitioner, but it’s usually not long. The treatment can cause short-term minor soreness in the muscle being treated, usually gone within a maximum of two days.